Need of elite person to work in the education sector.
Posted by shivamkesari
Education is one of the basic needs to live a sustainable and dignified life in every society. Elementary education has now been considered as right to every citizen of India. An educated person not only find easy to acquire skill to get employment but he/she also become aware of his/her rights and duties, he/she can participate in daily administrative work without being dependent on other, he/she become more aware of health and sanitation, family planning, household management and lots of other benefits exists for educated person which can’t be quantified. And if we search for the menaces of illiterate population then we have problems like naxalism, poverty, theft and robbery and many others. There exists a complete vicious cycle. Overall, educated society improves human development index of a country and makes every person independent.
It has been 65 years since independence but the quality of education in India is still poor. Though the literacy rate of India has improved from 12% in 1947 to 74% in 2011 but the quality of education imparted in India is sluggish. Moreover, India’s literacy rate is much below the world’s average of 84% and if we go quantitative then India has largest illiterate population. Studies show that if we go by the same rate of improvement of education in India then it will take more than half century to literate the complete nation, leave over the time required to impart qualitative education to each citizen and by that the average level of education in the world would be something much above of what is now. Gender wise data of literacy rate is something to be worried off; while 82% of males are literate only 65% of female are literate. This discrimination in education severely affects the effort to empower women in India. In rural India women are still considered as a subject for whom education is not important.
India has advantage of largest youth population but to make them asset we need to provide them skills and knowledge to grab the employment opportunity in the global market. An educated person finds easy and simple to acquire skill and training concerned for employment. To make India a developed country and to empower it to sustain in the global environment we need to educate every citizen of India.
The lack of interest of educated and elite person in this sector has deprived the growth of education in India. The job of teaching is considered to be of last choice; poor infrastructure, inefficient curriculum, mis-management of funds, under trained teachers further aggravates the situation. Thousands of crores of rupees are spent by the government but all go in vain. Dropout rate between class 1 to 8 is more than 50% and around 45 million children are not in school.
Various government policies and schemes exist to eradicate the illiteracy but none of them had shown expected result. Some of them bowed to the corruption while other was hurdled by improper infrastructure. Poor salary structure to primary and secondary teachers is also one of the reasons in failing to attract good teachers. The social stigma to the job of teaching is also preventing people to choose this noble job. The responsibility of government to facilitate primary and secondary education is now being taken by civil societies, NGO, private schools and tuitions. But initiatives by civil societies have limitation of human resources; not every person has interest to choose education sector as a career. Moreover, despite the fact that education has evolved as an industry it hasn’t been legally designated as an industry. This prevents financial institutions to invest in education sector. The main problem of not considering education as an industry is that a common philanthropic person finds it hard to gather financial resources to open a school and built infrastructure. Further the legality to acquire various licenses (on average 25 licenses are required to open school in urban area) to open a school and need to bribe at each level for acquiring license bring the morale down of the philanthropic person. However, if a person is able to open such a school the fees of the school is now not affordable by all families. The very purpose of opening a school is become something else, now the founder wants the return to the investment. Parliament had mandated elementary education to all but at the same time framed policies which prevents small schools to open, if any charitable or small school seeks for registration then it must satisfy all the criteria mentioned in RTE guidelines and believe it for fulfilling the criteria either school shuts down or its no more charitable.
The feasible solution to this menace is to work either part time or full time in collaboration with the government schools. Various NGOs and non-profits are adopting this model and they had shown positive results. But still they lack the human resources to reach every school. We must not forget that this society is mine and my success will be reflected by the success of the society. We can’t think of self development at the cost of under development of society. We might be literate and knowledgeable person but to be called educated we must educate each and every citizen of our society; after all we believe in ‘VASUDEV KUTUMBHKAM’.