The Romance of Modernity….

images (4).jpgSince the era of Industrial Revolution there has been a term called ‘Modernity’ which is  constantly evolving in its meaning. It has always been defined according to the context in which and by which it is being used. For instance, Capitalists define it as a market condition in which consumerism is high, socialists define it as an evolution of egalitarian society with equality of opportunity to all, traditional culturalist to whom Modernity intrudes in their cultural life, Religious Orthodox  for whom Modernity is subverting their age old religion, youth to whom Modernity brings new gadgets and technologies, feminists have their own conception of modernity- in      -vitro fertilisation and test tube baby reproduction technologies will make females free from reproductive roles and they will have equal say in the society in every walk of life with no family burden, scholars of polity see Modernity in electoral reform and strengthening of democratic values, to people like me modernity brings a hope to ensure transparency in governance…. These were some bright side of Modernity. But Modernity also has some negative facets. It has devastating affect on environment, violation of forest rights of forest dwellers, loss of livelihood of tribals and marginalization of people engaged in cottage and household based industries, increasing gap between have and havenots, ever increasing pauperization of society. The significant point is that more than 70% of the population are facing the darker side of the modernity. While at one hand 70% of Indian population are defined as poor but on the other hand we have 70% of our representatives in parliament who have value of property in crores. Still we are in romance with modernity. Driven by the industrialization of west our Nation Builders during the struggle of Independence made a comparitive analysis of pre- industrial society of Europe with at then current situation of freshly independent India. It was inferred that as the industrialization of west industrialization in India would also address socio-economy-political problems of India. This comparison was further strengthened during economic reforms of 90s and we are still following westernization. In case of India modernity has been used in the same sense as westernization. Infact they tend to make same meaning. But this romance didn’t lasted for long. The path of modernity which we were following had led to us to a virtual modernity just giving us a sense of false utopia. Here it is worth to mention that the western practice of modernity to which we adhere to is itself something obsolete to western world. WHile developing world is euphoring Globalization and opening their market, decreasing subsidy to indigenous industry, highly developed world of west sphere are apparently making their economy close and buffered to Globalization. Sigificant examples are overprotective IPRs, subsidy to agriculture, extreme regulation in sanitary and phytosanitory measures, formation of regional blocks etc.

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Instead of solving problem modernity has itself posed a question mark… What modernity should be like…. At present Modernity is being enjoyed by only upper and elite class at the expense of exploitation of other classes. We have emphasized only materialistic consumerism facets of Modernity and failed to evolve modern spiritual thinking.  A strong analysis is needed to find what went wrong in Romance with Modernity else breakup of the society is not much far.

I shall be ending with a phrase ‘ The life on the Earth was made for Animals and Plants…. Unfortunately we evolved’.

GenNxt: Targets to the Next Generation.

GenNxt in Coal India is a new concept or say an initiative to get involve new generation of young energetic executive who are fresh with their knowledge, ideas and mind in proposing and implementing something new in this traditional industry. It’s a platform to resonate long experience of senior executives with energy and enthu of young executives. To facilitate such integration Team GenNxt organizes workshop for every discipline in Coal India Limited. One such workshop for Mining Discipline was organized in SECL, Bilaspur and I got an opportunity to participate in it. I was one among many participants from various subsidiaries of the Company and in total there were around 50 participants. Apart from participants the main magnet of the workshop were Secretary to the GOI, Ministry of Coal, Director (P)  of CIL , CMD , DTs, DF and DP of SECL. Enough authority to make it a high level workshop. Added to it was cultural evening in which energies of old and new mingled to rock the floor. This brief introduction is enough to get the picture of the workshop.

The core part of the workshop was brainstorming among young executives to make achieve Coal India Limited target production of 1 Billion Tonne by FY 2019-20, coded as ‘Mission One Billion’. As expected plethora of ideas emerged as project proposals, induction of advance technology, enhancement of existing technologies and such alike to achieve the Target. Current production level is around 600 MT per annum. 400 MT more to produce in 3 yrs to meet energy demand of the country and become independent of importing coal. With globalization importing of coal is more of a commercial-eco-political decision and beyond CIL but achieving the target set by the ministry is our very purpose . The target has been set and this whole concept of GenNxt is revolving primarily around achievement of this target with involvement of young executives and secondarily enabling young executives to be capable of taking leadership role to fill the coming gap of retiring executives. Whatever be, Gen Nxt was worth to participate.

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To all participants it was a wonderful and exciting activity with dual way enrichments. But, I had expected something else from the workshop and was disappointed.  The concern was about implementation part. Effective and efficient implementation of project, scheme and program has been lacuna of Govt organizations and CIL is not an exception to it. It would had been better if brainstorming had focussed on how to effectively implement the existing and future projects. The industry is creeped up with ‘ Short Term Plan attitude’ in order to achieve benefit in near future at the sake of long term future which are many times detrimental to sustainability of the projects. ‘Mission One Billion by 2019-20’ is itself an example of it….The hall was silent on what beyond that or the road map to achieve it!! For sustainable development we need to have a progressive long term policy and plan which may not serve our interest at the Moment but very much viable in long term. Non of the advanced technology, automation, plan, policy and projects can sustain if we still be driven by attitude of ‘do whatever to attain just short term goal’. A viable project should not only look forward to financial profitability, break even point or production target but must also encompass economic cost, environment cost, social cost along with rights and views of all stakeholder.

Over all it was a wonderful event and credit goes to GenNxt Team Yuva specially the hospitality person PM and SJ of SECL  and last but not the least the  person from HQ ‘RS’.

Hope next workshops also brainstorm over implementation part and how to change attitude towards it.

Raksha Bandhan: Undefined Pledges…

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As always Kartavya celebrated this Raksha Bandhan joyfully with full vigour and ectasy. I was delighted to be a part of that celebration. Lovely children surrounding you to make a bond with you- a divine and spiritual bond. No word to express it. Few children were also asked to share what do they know about Raksha Bandhan and why do we celebrate it. Most of them had mentioned the same religo event between Sri Krishna and Draupadi from Mahabharat for remarking this day and the conventional purpose to ask the brothers to protect their sisters after tying the sacred thread, what we have known from childhood. But one girl in her teen had some other concerns. Instead of going for religo-conventional description of this holy event she made her point to realize Raksha Bandhan in contemporary world. Though she couldn’t expressed herself confidently but a mature person would perfectly understand her implications and concerns. She all wanted to say was Raksha Bandhan is not only a bond between brother and sister and a commitment from brother to protect a sister from all dangers in her life but also a vow to respect every girl and woman, which the society is forgetting. A girl wants her brother not only to respect her dignity but dignity of others also. The festival of Raksha Bandhan is losing its value and has become just a one day activity on the Full Moon day of Saavan Month every year. The space has been further occupied by commercial entities to exploit this emotional connection. Ever increasing crime rate against women make her sense very much true. Added to this is dilemna that most of the women are victim to crimes commited by their known ones. Infant/foetus femicide is on rise with making a very skewed child sex ratio. Doesn’t this infers that a Brother has failed to ensure life and liberty to her small infant/foetus sister.

The second thing which was very common was that every children mentioned that a brother pledge on this day to protect his sister. A thought ran in my mind. Is brother only capable to protect sister or is a sister so incapable that she can’t defend herself. Outright answer to this thought is never possible but tradition does show gender biasness. Even our constitution talks of ‘Brotherhood’ and not about ‘Sisterhood’. Right from childhood even before one can be concious of her/his environment our society defines gender role in a stereotypical way. A boy is projected strong and brave and a girl as soft at heart and emotional and physically weaker than boys. Any girls who break through the gender stigma is at once called a ‘Beta’ or ‘Son’ of the family making them proud. Isn’t a girl as a girl make a family proud and still be girl. This gender stereotypes manifests itself in the Raksha Bandhan.

There need to be a paradigm shift in defining gender roles. Instead of taking a pledge for protecting her sister, pledges shall be taken to ensure gender equality and empowering sister to do her protection herself. Pledges shall be taken to ensure respect and dignity to all females of our society. Pledges shall be taken to change our stereotypical mind and thoughts for female genders. A long way has to be covered before realizing gender parity and true spirit of this sacred Bandhan.

Happy Raksha Bandhan.

Couldn’t find where to put this para so penning it down as post script. Its all about feminine abusive words to which we are very common and seems to have become a word of routine communication. Sometimes used as for frustration, sometimes to abuse some one and sometime as part of our speech. Don’t know whether it denigrate the person to which it is targeted or not, but its for sure it does denigrate females of our society and unintentionally includes relationship terms which are our family members!!!

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India shall be celebrating its 70th Independence Day on coming 15th August. A long drawn struggle which took 90 years to free India from exploitation of British Paramountancy of 190 years. 15th August has always been a moment to cherish. Even our constitution has made it fundamental duty to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; But to me there has always been a thought which haunts me. Was the national struggle for freedom a collective mass effort or just collection of efforts of different interest against colonialists. Interest of poor farmers and general mass was one of the last matter to be raised. There was interest of business houses who had to face competition from british industry, landlords whose right to land revenue was curbed, elite Indian classes who had to face discrimination from Britishors, then came the King of princely states who felt just like a puppet of British Paramount and at last came poors industrial and plantation workers and farmers, who were deprived of healthy livelihood. All had different self interest but colletive vision- to expel Britishors out of India so that they can have safe environment for themselves. This led to a mission for free and independent India to have its own rule of law and constitution. Yes now we have a rule of law and our own constitution. India is now free and independent, but just ‘India’ and may be few vested interest, who had high stake in a free India to make way for their personal agenda, have freedom not all the citizens. The mass- Industrial and plantation workers, farmers which consritutes more than 75 % of Indian population felt just change of people to exploit them. Earlier it was people from a country far off the ocean now the people are of this land only, our very own people. This 15th August always bring along with it a virtual sense of freedom and liberty. But doesn’t clarify freedom from what or liberty for what!

Misgovernance, misrule, autocracy, corruption, exploitation and similar all maladministration which existed during British era do exists even now. Where do the freedom or liberty exists? Yes, they do exists, but only in the texts of our Constitution. And we feel delighted of it. Its only because of Article 32- Right to move to Supreme Court for enforcement of these fundamental rights. Again, the hook is the time that elapse in judicial procedure and cost that accompany it. Judiciary has just been a instrument to serve well off. Poors rarely cross even the first stage of judiciary i.e. beyond magistrate court. Daily wage earner has to lose Rs. 100 as transportation cost in addition to Rs. 250 per day as wage loss to let their voice heard in a district administrative office. How can they think of moving to supreme court under article 32!!! They constitute more than 70% of Indian population.

Not to mention how much divided we exist in society- caste, class, region, religion, power, education and so on. Was this “the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom”?

15th August has just become a day of celebration, celebration not of Independence Day but of a ‘Holiday’. To relax and sleep. A day for our political leaders to express patriotism…. I afraid, hope there haven’t been fixed  monetary Commission in purchase of the National Flag.

Jai Hind.

GM Crop: Shall India Move Ahead

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India habitating a large population of 125 crore substantially needs to ensure food security for all. An ability for indigeneous food production to meet the demand and further have provision for sufficient buffer stock to meet any adverse situation will only make India strong and stable and preserve its sovereignty. We can’t forget the days of early yaers of 1960s when we had to look towards USA for food grains and their mal-response to us, thanks to Russia which came to rescue us from food  scarcity. The time at now is much better than 1960s, credit surely goes to  The Green Revolution, Dr. M. S. Swaminathan (Agricultural Scientist) and Smt Indira Gandhi. The situation is better not best, we still need enough food security and provision of sufficient buffer stock and furthermore we need to diversify our food production and stock. For last two years El-Nino had negative impact on Kharif Crops followed by damage of Rabi Crops due to western disturbance. Year 2016 will probably continue to be the same. There is urge for urgent solution for crop failure.

There are voices supporting GM food crops which is said to ensure higher productivity per acre of land as compared to traditional seeds/crops. Developed Nations are either moving forward to GM Crops or going through extensive field trial. Whatever facts are being produced in support of high productivity of GM crops, those are based on farm produces in developed nation. Here we need to note that developed nation’s high productivity is not only due to adoption of GM seeds, along with it they also have strong infrastructural support to agriculture. Agriculture over there is completely mechanized. Small population and availability of large pool of land had made it possible. Whereas situation of India is almost opposite– Large population and small piece of land, hardly making land availability of more than 1 acre per farmer family. Food crop loss in India is mainly due to lack of irrigation facilities, unseasonal rain and decreasing productivity of soil. Through genetic modification of crop seeds the plant can be made drought resistant, withstand water log and pest resistant. It will surely make India food secured. But the technology also has disfunctions and it can’t be ignored straightway.

Technology of GM cotton crop has been introduced in India through genetically modified BT Cotton seed into which a gene of a Bacteria, Bacterio Thuriengenesis, had been inserted which proves toxic to bug which feeds on cotton balls. Fibre of cotton balls contain the toxic and kill the bug when it feeds on it. This was manifest function of Bt cotton seed but unfortunately the seed had also been modified to ensure that it doesn’t reproduce new seeds, as the farmers practice to preserve the seeds from current Crops to sow it in

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next cropping. This had blown hard on Farmers economy as they have always to purchase new seeds. Initially Bt cotton seed was introduced at competetive price and had shown good response to farmers in increased productivity of cotton balls. The fox idea ultimately kicked out all other brands of cotton seed from the market. The firm producing Bt Cotton gained monopoly and subsequently increased seed price to Rs. 3000 per KG while traditional seed was available at just around Rs 700 per Kg. Enjoying patent right they are secure to lead the market for next 10 more years.

In India GM crop has not been allowed food crops because it may have harmful affect on human health as field testing of GM crop is also controversial. The fear exist that the normal cropping pattern will be endangered. Further with stiff patent regime the seed producer will have monopoly. The agro pressure group are vigilant now and had ensured that GM food crop trial and uses doesn’t get nod.

India has sufficient land and Human resources to make India self sufficient in food crops. As on date India has sufficient buffer stock of grains, there is lack of pulses, linseed and vegetables but that’s solely because of non-existence of Gov necessary support to farmers for the years. Specifically after 1990s reforms. When there was support and attention of Gov during Green Revolution we have result of enhanced production. Affect of introducing and adopting this new technology may be harsh as we are already victim of depleting ground water table and increasing salination and decreasing productivity of soil in north western India. Instead of introducing GM crops primacy shall be emphasized on improving Agriculture infrastructure such as irrigation, organic fertilizers, cold houses, rural credit support and crop insurance. Agricultural literacy program shall be started to further improve tradition way of farming instead of using GM crop. The current Government of India is welcomed in giving attention to Agriculture and Farmers in Budget 2016-17. But history of administration in India has been not up to the mark. We always have good programs and schemes of GOV but we  always lack in their implementation. Hope the current government also emphasize at implementation part of the programs in time bound manner with provision of regular monitoring.
There is long way before we need to adopt GM crops.

Women Empowerment: A Big No to Dowry.

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Couple of weeks ago I published a blog (an open letter to groom) requesting groom to prohibit dowry transaction and how dowry affects our society in general and female status in specific. It was more of a request to  the groom. On the eve of International Women’s Day I take opportunity to express through this blog what female members of the society shall do to empower themselves. Though, I can never be perfect to express their concerns until I am myself one of them but still I shall proceed and now request them to say no to dowry demand.

Many a times I had observed that more than what a man discriminate to a woman, the woman herself discriminate to self. Though the world is developing with modern ethos but still we are unable to get out of the gender stereotyping of recognising women of next status. Unfortunately even woman doesn’t want to get out of this stereotype. What can be a best example other than a case from my own family.
“ Whenever some important decision is to be taken in my family and my mother knows what the best decision would be she still always ask me to have a discussion with my father though knowing he will also go for the same.” I had argued with my mother for why can’t she take decision of the household, the only answer I always have is ‘He is chief of the home’. I don’t argue much, else Raat ka khana nahi milega!!!

This is just one case of Patrilineal Society, how female part doesn’t want to be authoritative to take decision or lead. Many such issues are well around us and has become such integrated to our daily life that we even can’t recognise it. What can be more significant of this that males are deciding and leading the movement for empowering women, we are discussing whether they shall be given reservation in legislature or not. Leaders of most of the prominent women movements in India have been male.

I started by mentioning Dowry which is related to marriage. Lets get back to it. Marriage is a social institution and  here also gender stereotyping dominates the decision to chose a groom. I am not mentioning about any religious rites or custom but purely personal decision to choose a groom.

Lets play role model:
Just assume yourself a well educated bride, having good salaried job, good height, figure and complexion. Your salary is highly enough to run the household and have sufficient saving. Now the questions are: Will you marry a groom —
1. who earns much less than you but is ready to look after household chores and child. A job similar to a typical housewife – ‘Househusband’
2. Is less educated than you and earns nominal salary.
3. Is of less height than you or is much thinner than you. In short say ‘a physical mismatch’. (Leave away your physio-emotional attraction).
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Most of the bride will negate with my view, and this questions can look strange for the issue of my concern. But the decision will surely be dominated by gender stereotype. And this stereotype give room to dowry. Better things comes with price and for marriage and groom case it is termed as ‘Dowry.’

Women empowerment has been westernised in the ethos and has become more of a mediocre topic loosing its vital concern. In my opinion its not just about few women getting top management position in any firm or few lady playing leading roles in a feature film or a woman not needing a man other than to have a child or of to have freedom of choice. Is it not a shame that a women making to a top position becomes a news? The words ‘Women Empowerment’ have much depth and concern.

There is a need to break thinking, not only of men but also of women. They themselves shall strive to get out of their stereotype. What I think if the curse of dowry has to overcome first step shall be from a bride. In case of Dowry transaction in well educated family I get puzzled, ‘why did not the bride complained to the police of dowry demand, didn’t she know cases of dowry death, female foeticide, infanticide, second status of girl child in home, less literacy rate of women and many such cases. If not, then don’t even she knows how much mental harassment it causes to their parents! She knows, but more than it she had learned in the society that she ‘need to marry a groom better than herself’ at whatever dowry their parents has to pay.
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Women empowerment will be just a matter of talk and mediocre movement until bride take a move to get the dowry seeker behind bars. Prohibition of dowry transaction in the society will itself make 50% of Indian Women empowered. She will be well educated, she will have her choice to lead life her own way, have coordinating authoritative position in home, right to inheritance in household property and such more rights at par with male counterpart. Women will be assumed empowered if they don’t make a news of achieving some top post.

Happy International Women’s Day….

Lives Lost for Nothing

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Hey man over there plz come down,
There is your family far in the town,
Why are you bearing such pain,
All your sacrifice may go in vain,

In the name of Patriotism and Jihadism,
You all are being used,
What made you such course to choose.
All this is just a political game,
When you martyr, they only make your fame,
Rarely they go on the front,
As they fear of bullet burnt.

We the people down here,
Always hail your martyrdom there,
Afraid of such course for ourselves,
On the social sites
we only like, share and comment your braves.

Are you a fool,
Come down here and enjoy life cool,
Let the nation have its fate,
Let the enemy come to our gate.

Rather spread words of love, compassion and peace,
The solution is only this.
Neither we nor our enemy gain anything,
But there surely exists third party always profiteering,
They are the companies of arms manufacturing.

Let us make this world borderless,
People shall roam everywhere fearless,
Let’s prevail rationalism over religion,
Else society will be just cage of pigeons.

“वसुधेव कुटुम्बकं”

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Nationalism Understated…

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Indians are stirred over the incident of JNU, and Kanhaiya Kumar has been made the central character behind the whole chaos. Social sites are filled with status updates, stories and comments in favour and against of Kanhaiya. It seems that with this incident Patriotism of every citizen of India is on the climax. I can’t, neither have right to, scrutinise patriotism or nationalist feelings of our fellow citizens but still have constitutional Right to freedom of speech and expression to have my words.
I am trying to define Nationalism in my own perception and it is bound to vary person to person.

In sociology ‘Nation’ means a territory or part of territory which is resided by people of distinct ethnicity and culture and they consists majority of the population of that territory. It may or may not coincide with ‘Country’s’ boundary. In this definition it will be perfect to define India as a ‘Federal of different Nations’. India is a habitat for more than 500 distinct tribes and

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ethnics. Though flow of time and ages had made them similar in one way or other but they are different with their own history of origin and life evolution. Many tribes have known connection to tribes of different countries. E.g. Munda tribe of Jharkhand are known to be of Austro origin and their language are very much similar to tribes of Australia than to India. Similarly, residents of Ladakh and North-east are of Mongol origin. Races of people of North India and South India are clearly distinct. History of races/tribes/ethnics had been preserved by Languages and cultures of the people. The territory they occupy constitute a distinct nation. Protection, preservation and defence of ‘Nation’ by them may be Nationalism to them. Patriotism and Nationalism have almost same meaning in English Vocabulary. Nation and country are different. Here Country is similar to a rural settlements. Social Science call India a ‘State’ comprising of different nations.

In political science definition of a ‘Nation’ is – A territory bounded by definite international boundary, which can be modified by Parliament through adequate legislative process, and is a Union of states. Here a Nation is very much similar to a country. India is called a Nation/Country/federal of states.

In geography there is no term as Nation. Its talk about a Country with definite political international boundary.

Lets come back to the Kanhaiya Issue. As people’s sentiments are attached with this case, so its better to take sociological meaning of Nation which shall be logical as this subject is itself ‘science of society’. India being a federal or union of different ‘Nation’ and resident of that territorial nation have their own ‘Nationalism’ and Constitutional Right to protect and preserve them. Constitution by DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY had bounded State (Government) to do the needful to protect and preserve them. If nationalist feeling of someone arise and he/she dissent politically against the government or the state, it shall be accepted. Effort shall be made to find the cause of that dissent rather than to suppress their voice. More the voices and their concerns are suppressed more aloud and violent they will be. As they had already said- ‘ Kitne Afzal Maroge, Har ghar se Afzal Niklega’.

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India is a peculiar state. Hardly the truth is being shown, or may be if it had been shown on some media channel its hard to believe it in this biased fourth pillar of democracy. I am not concerned what the truth is, but more concerned to what Nationalism shall mean. We have pre directed mind set, which always seeks to find and even get success in finding what we perceive as oneself. One such dimension of thought is ‘India is United’ and our all vision and senses are processed in that way only.  Yes, India is united as union of states with definite territorial boundary but only in Chapter 1 of our constitution and which stands amendable, and that too by just simple majority. Even our constituent assembly of 1946 and Constitution of India Act, 1949 had given such scope. Exchange of conclaves between India and Bangladesh is an example.

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In my opinion every such act are justified if it leads to peace and prosperity of the Humankind, no matter in which country or nation they reside. Sentiments of people from rest part of the country shall not undermine and dictate sentiments of the people from the concerned land. Since Independence the politics in India of gathering vote bank has ruined every sphere of life and kept alive many issues which may had been settled peacefully, though with territorial loss to India.

My thought and action are dictated for the peace, prosperity and welfare of the living beings of the world, still I think my nationalism and patriotism is only bounded by the Constitution of the Land I reside, I shall strive to follow the laws, rules and regulation of the territory. No institution other than Indian judiciary, in proper legal, way has right to judge my course of action and activity. People are free to dissent against me but no right to interfere in my freedom, rather register FIR and let court decide my faith.

Jai Hind.

An Open Letter to Groom.

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The wedding season is on and added to it is the romantic week of Valentine’s Day. Facebook newsfeed is flooded with posts and updates of friends getting married or finding a partner. Yes, these are news to cheer and celebrate and I congratulate all of them. But, in midst of it there may be or may not be a tension and dilemma to bride’s parents of arranging ‘The Dowry’ to be parted off along with their lovely daughter. And needless to say such tensions are always associated with a girl child from the moment she is born. Many a times before parents could think of infant’s health, there waves a thought in their mind to preserve money for her marriage. She is seen as a burden and an “extra mouth to feed” and her status as an economic liability promotes the thought of discrimination. Sometimes this discrimination leads to infanticide by neglect, for example families may not spend enough money on critical medicines or withhold care from a sick girl. The curse of dowry rarely forgive a girl and many times word ‘Dowry’ becomes synonymous with ‘Prestige and Honor’ of either party. Of such a sin society we are part and more sinful is that we educated didn’t curb it. Rather, with increasing quality of education our cost/price/rating goes up. Unfortunate.
Though we have The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 (amended in 1987), which prohibits the request, payment or acceptance of a dowry, “as consideration for the marriage”, where “dowry” is defined as a gift demanded or given as a precondition for a marriage. But it can’t curb such menace until we have strong will to do so. Further, under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005, a woman can put a stop to the dowry harassment by approaching a domestic violence protection officer. But she is afraid of society and customs to take such advance.
The Indian census data suggests there is a positive correlation between abnormal sex ratio and better socio-economic status and literacy. This is connected to the dowry system in India where dowry deaths occur when a girl is seen as a financial burden. Urban India has lower child sex ratio than rural India according to 1991, 2001 and 2011 Census data, implying higher prevalence of female foeticide in urban India. Tribal societies also have a less skewed sex ratio than other caste groups. This is in spite of the fact that tribal communities have far lower income levels, lower literacy rates, and less adequate health facilities. These data contradict any hypotheses that may suggest that sex selection is an archaic practice which takes place among uneducated, poor sections or particular religion of the Indian society. Ultrasound scans mostly concentrated in urban cities often reveal the sex of the baby, allowing pregnant women to decide to abort female foetuses and try again later for a male child.

We are educated but lack wisdom.
In my perception dowry transaction is very much associated with femicides (foeticide, infanticide,  dowry death and suicide), discrimination with girl child, low literacy rate among females and many similar atrocities to females in the society. Need not to mention emotional and morale breakdown of a family in meeting demand of  dowry. Rarely a home is aloof of it.
Following are few statistics sourced from National Crime Record Bureau, MoHA, GOI to support my arguments:
Dowry Deaths

(Incidence: 8,455 Rate- 1.4)

The cases of dowry deaths have increased by 4.6% during the year 2014 over the previous year (8,033 cases). This means a bride was burned every 90 minutes. These are reported cases, many such cases are misrepresented as natural death and go unrecorded.



Dowry Prohibition Act

(Incidence: 10,050 Rate-1.7)

Though the cases registered under Dowry Prohibition Act have decreased by 6.2% during the year 2014 as compared to the previous year (10,709 cases) but still its a significant toll in developing India. Maximum such cases were reported in Bihar (2,203 cases) followed by Uttar Pradesh (2,133 cases), Karnataka (1,730 cases) and Jharkhand (1,538 cases).

The highest crime rate (9.6) was reported from Jharkhand as compared to 1.7 at the national level. The state from where I belong. Much to go before it ends.


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Infanticide (Sec. 315 IPC)

(Incidence: 121 Rate: Negligible)

A total of 121 ‘Infanticide’ cases were reported in the country during the 2014. The incidents increased by 47.6% in the year 2014 over 2013 (from 82 cases in 2013 to 121 in 2014). Maximum of infanticides were reported in Rajasthan (33 cases) followed by Madhya Pradesh (14 cases).



Foeticide (Sec. 315 & 316 IPC)

(Incidence-107 Rate-Negligible)

A total of 107 cases of ‘foeticide’ were reported in the country during 2014 as compared to 221 cases in the year 2013 indicating a decline of 51.6%. Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab have reported 30 cases, 24 cases, 11 cases and 10 cases respectively of such crimes.



Exposure & abandonment

(Incidence-983 Rate- 0.2)

A total of 983 cases were reported during 2014 as compared to 930 cases during 2013 showing an increase of 5.7% during the year 2014. Maharashtra has reported the highest number of such cases (225 cases), followed by Rajasthan (213 cases).



Procuration of minor girls

(Incidence-2,020 Rate 0.5)

2,020 cases were reported in the year 2014 as compared to 1,224 such cases in the year 2013, accounting for an increase of 65.0% over 2013. West Bengal has reported 852 such cases followed by Assam (303 cases) and Bihar (280 cases).



Selling of girls for prostitution

In the name of dowry free marry girl child are being taken away by traffickers for sole purpose of prostitution. Unfortunately, our Police Deptt. are unable to record such cases.



Prohibition of Child Marriage Act,

(Incidence-280 Rate-0.1)

A total of 280 cases of Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 were reported during the year 2014. Tamil Nadu (47 cases) followed by Karnataka (44 cases) have reported high number of cases in the country. According to UNICEF’s “State of the World’s Children-2009” report, 47% of India’s women aged 20–24 were married before the legal age of 18, rising to 56% in rural areas. The report also showed that 40% of the world’s child marriages occur in India.



Above mentioned stats may seem significant but every one is well aware of our Police Deptt and their system of doing work. These stats are very much under reported and actual figures might be very high.



Literacy Rate

The literacy rate is 60.6% for females, while for males it is 81.3%.



Gender Inequality Index

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Value

0.563 (2014)

Rank

130th





The United Nations has declared that India is the most deadly country for female children, and that in 2012 female children aged between 1 and 5 were 75 percent more likely to die as opposed to boys. The children’s rights group CRY has estimated that of 12 million females born yearly in India 1 million will have died within their first year of life.



(#Few info above sourced from wiki)



Our families say  ‘we are demanding just to cover expense of the ceremony.’ Yes they are true but we make the ceremony so lavish that it itself reaches the limit. Furthermore, this makes a question of prestige if someone other doesn’t make his function similarly lucullan. Unfortunately the ‘other one’ do pressurise bride’s family to meet their irrational demand to meet the plushy expense. Its a shame to know that in many tribes and socially backward societies the custom of bride’s price is fading away to accommodate Dowry demand and bride’s family are being forced to offer it.
Most of the family have children of both gender and while in marrying their daughter they curse groom for exorbitant dowry demand, but they themselves make similar demand in similar way while fixing marriage of their son. And their pathetic justification is  ‘they gave or would have to give similar amount in their daughter’s marriage as dowry so they are asking’.
Not only this even after meeting the demand they keep urging and extorting bride for more dowry either in cash or kind. There is no indifference between family of educated, propertied, poor, illiterate….. All behave alike and like …… असतंुट लालची गीदड़….
In, 2011, government stated India was missing three million girls and there are now 48 less girls per 1,000 boys and for such scenario its only we to be blamed, we the dowry seeker from well educated elite society! Demand of Dowry is not a small issue but an act similar to crime of homicide and shall be treated like way. Even rich and well off parents of bride shall restrain to offer too generous consideration for their daughter’s marriage for the sake to curb femicide. Girl child much like your lovely daughter are being killed.

On this auspicious day of Basant Panchmi and eve of Valentine’s Day I urge all the to be groom to ensure that we are not part of such criminal and sinful act. Do ensure that our ceremony is simple and we ourself can bear its expenses. We can’t pressurise our life partner for exorbitant dowry demand. Their need to be bonding relationship of love and attachment. Cash and Kind shouldn’t dictate our love and choice. Rights of girl child is of more concern than our fictitious prestige and showoff. We are educated and we need to be an example in our community. Lets be a change to bring a change.
I praise Goddess Saraswati to give us wisdom to be a change. Happy Valentines Day. Do spread Love.

Pakistan: A Mystery….

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The country is again mourning for lost life of martyrs in securing Pathankot airbase and Nation’s sovereignty. Again the ground used for conspiracy against the state was of Pakistan. Our very neighbour, and once upon a time our part. Unfortunately, that  is now our worst enemy. But peace and stability is always best for society and region and this only thought had always urged India to have cordial and peaceful relation with Pakistan. Alas! clap needs both hand.

Accession of Kashmir in India and India’s role in seccession of Bangladesh aka East Pakistan has always kept pinging PaKistan’s Military and ISI to take revenge of it from India and they keep alive Kashmir issue and impinge India time to time. They ensure not to leave any stone unturned to destabilize India, from hook to crook. Terrorist militant are their new arms and they support them with armaments and training facilities. They provide them ground and other support to enter India and destabilize the nation. The worst part of it is that they do so in the name of Islam.

Before we think of control of terrorism in Pakistan, we need to understand that in Pakistan it is more of militro-democracy i.e. Democracy survives until military has it say. The day democracy tries to overlook military, democracy falls. And even in India what not our political leaders will do to save their seat!!! Human nature doesn’t change beyond borders.

With globalisation and cooperation beyond borders there is mounting pressure on Pakistan to keep check on terrorism and this had curbed open operation of ISI and Pak Army against India. They are now believing on Gurrila Warfare through islamist militant. And its worth to mention that these Gurrila warfare by Islamist militant was a brain child of USA against the then USSR during Afghan war. And its also a fact that America is one of the largest defence partner and social assistance of Pakistan, most of which leaks to these militants and purposely used against India.

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Pakistan’s rising partner is China and religio-finance partner is Saudi Arabia. China’s rising activities in Pak and Afghanistan is to encircle India while that of Saudi Arabia’s is to counter Iran from backside. All of them supports terrorism to meet their needs and even categories them in Good terrorist and Bad terrorist.

Armed conflict is not a solution neither India can be on backfoot. India needs to raise this concern globally. We need to act aggressively like USA to propose sanction on Pakistan and no vested interest in such economic cooperation or agreement should come in its way. People’s life is More precious than business profit. I can’t understand why the world is proposing sanction on RUSSIA, Iran and North Korea when the known terrorism breeding ground is Pakistan. Its also unfortunate to find that India is also responding somewhat to such sanction. India shall not do so until and unless sanction is proposed even on Pakistan. All economic ties with Pakistan must be stalled till Pakistan take harsh action on terrorism evolving on its ground.

When China vetoed for Pakistan against India’s move for detaining Hafij Saeed, India should had acted harshly against China’s import which figures around US$60 Bn making trade Deficit to US$40 Bn. Similar strategic move is required against Saudi Arabia and even USA. This world is now a global market with global business players and India is emerging as one of the most favored market destination. India’s economy may come down but will not stay as such for long. But Pakistan’s morale for such activity will surely fade out.

Merely talks with Pakistan will not make a solution. India need to act aggressively in world economy against Pakistan. If you can’t break them, break their economic backbone to make them bow  down to peace.

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P.S. Blog was written much before Masood Ajhar, conspirator of Pathankot, was arrested by Pakistan. India’s aggressive move to stall talk with Pakistan until perpretors are caught is a welcome and much needed move. We need to go more further. Less than an economic Sanction against Pakistan other thing is not called upon.

Jai Hind….

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