Blog Archives

Efforts of Ambedkar…


In many government offices April 14, Birth Date of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar, is declared as public holiday in order to mark respect and homage to him as father of our constitution which is egalitarian in ethos. Being a office of public utility rarely we get public holidays. Just to enquire about whether 14th will be a Holiday or not I asked a clerk of my office who keep pre-information of holidays. He denied. It was not a matter, but what he said few seconds afterwards was something to take pity on him and his wisdom. He uttered ‘there is no holiday for ambedkar- fambedkar ’ to himselfCaste/Varna of the person as per Hindu Social order doesn’t need to be mentioned.

Apathy of the clerk for Dr. Ambedkar could well be understood by observing efforts made by Dr. Ambedkar in ensuring egalitarian Indian Social Structure by breaking domination of Brahmana’s System of Varna/Caste Social Hierarchy. He was the person who advocated for equal social status not only for Shudras in Hindu Varna System but also for women of India. He shattered Brahmana’s and Kshatriya domination by introducing reservation system in Indian Constitution itself. He  tried to bring social justice to socially backward community who were subjugated and subjected to coercively serve community of upper varnas. He tried to provide them fundamental freedom in a free India with all dignity and rights.

Through Vedic, post Vedic, Ancient, Medieval and Modern ages Hindu Brahmana had made all effort to maintain their domination and acknowledge themselves as supreme  in the social hierarchy. The method had been through discriminatory religious texts and literature specially Puranas, Manu-Smriti and other Dharma-Shastras. Breaking of Social Order of Varna system has been described by them as sin of highest order which will lead to advent of Kaliyuga; and whoever breaks such order will face severe consequences in Naraka. Even Bhagvad Gita has been used to ask Hindu follower to protect their Dharma by performing their duties as per their Varnas.

In history their source of livelihood has been fees/rent for performing religious rituals. To ensure their monopoly in performing ritual practices they had authorised Kshatriya Community as preserver of Social Order. They even didn’t hesitated in acknowledging a ruler as lineage or descent of god. This practice established legitimacy to the ruling dynasty and they were accepted as patron of the population. Vaishya were assigned productive role and as tax payers while Shudra were to serve other three as labourers. By the time of Gupta period there emerged a fifth category of community who were acknowledged as untouchable and were assigned menial works and were outcasted from the society. They had to live on outer fringes of the village and even their shadow was thought of as inauspicious.

For various state religious rituals and Vedic sacrifices Brahamana were given land grants and other rewards by the King/ruler. This made them land lords and later on freedom were given to them to rule over the rewarded territory and maintain law and order. They were free to punish as per their whims and fancies, brunt of which fell upon people who wanted to overcome this Brahmanical domination. Religion of Buddhism and Jainism emerged as rescue for them from this domination but intolerance policy and persecution of followers of these religions by Ruler of Shunga, Gauda and other Hindu dynasties failed their effort. These religion are now concentrated in few pockets of India and hardly population of their followers crosses mark of Crores. Though Buddhism had flourished well and adopted by people of Japan, South Korea, South East Asia, China, Central Asia but in India their population is negligible. All credit goes to intolerant attitude of Brahamanised Hinduism.

With respect to women, Manu-smriti, DharmaShastra etc regard women as property of men and women have to follow men as per men’s wish. Hindu religious laws had called that a perfect wife is the one who serve her husband as slave and on his death follow him to death through practice of Sati. Education, learning of Vedic Texts etc were clearly denied to women. Rather they were property in the hand of men and not a human. Even today dictates of religious texts are used to subjugate women in patriarchal society. It was effort of Dr. Ambedkar in promulgating Reformed Hindu Codes as nation wide legislation through Indian Parliament which enhanced position of women in India as equal to men in almost every social aspects.

These were menaces of Brahmanised Hindu Religion and society which Dr. Ambedkar tried to eradicate through our constitution. This caste system is something very peculiar to Hinduism and had harshly affected progress and development of the society as a whole.

Even in this secular India which is thriving on modern scientific temper all effort is being made all around to maintain this social order and distinctions and discriminations based on this order. This could well be observed if we minutely observe the current trend of nationalism which enforces Hinduism or rather say Brahmanised aspect of Hinduism which acknowledge their supremacy over society.

Theirs hegemony is of millennia, establishment of order of equality and equity will take its own course; effort must not be diminished.



Observing the the history of Independent India one can well find there is an exponential rise in cases of of communal disturbance. Some are lucky enough to receive the glare of public while some went unnotice and easily settled. Issue of communal harmony in India exists since medieval period. Not to mention that communal violence had also made the religion more orthodox and reactionary. We fail to realise that our faith and belief is much stronger than reason to fight.

With every incident of communal disturbance there is utterance that Sri Modi, the very PM of India should say something on the incidents. But, unfortunately the ruling party deny it with the sole reason that PM is too busy to speak on petty issues!!! Alas! I didn’t knew that the matter which has divided a Nation and exists since time immemorial is just a petty issue.
May be for them it might be, because they have a different spectacle than what I have.

But still the question remains with us, “should PM respond to such issue?”
Lets opine over it. 

After decades we have a PM with Voice and Dynamic personality and aura to make crowd follow him.
If we analyse the plans and schemes of current NDA led GOI and past UPA led GOI we will find that most of the plans and schemes initiated by NDA were present well before NDA came to power, but with different names. Modi government not just changed the name, but something more significant what they did is that they provided a political will and Dynamic leadership to implement such plans and programs. Though the implementation at ground level  is not well to cherish but its much better than that during previous Government.

And this is what people had voted for. People needed a change and Modi was only option and not his BJP. Every BJP candidate was perceived as Sri Modi and was elected. But still BJP is unable to realise that his historical agenda is now a history, people are gearing up for development led leadership, which can improve standard of living. And this is not only about one party BJP but all others which make Religion, caste and race their agenda for election. People are demanding for development, may be some where more while some where less. But development is evolving as the sole agenda.

Unfortunately our political leaders are unable to understand.
Lets move to the topic….
What I was trying to mention was that Sri Modi has given us hope of better future, moreover he is one of the Indian political leader who has visited large number of countries in a span of just a year and had engaged with anthropogenic diversity of every country he visited. I expect he had accepted diversity of the world in religion, faith, believe and worship…. one of the fundamental of our constitution. But unfortunately his followers are still unable to realise it.
Wish he should also ask his followers to accept the communal diversity in India. If he thinks and expect that on his request people will leave LPG subsidy, keep the city clean, use LED bulbs, use clay Diya in Diwali and such many …. Then why not people will stop creating communal disturbance on his request. Why can’t he urge his own followers to stop such incident, as several life and property are affected in every such incident. Opposition will also change the strategy towards communal harmony. This may never be a petty issue.

Adding to this topic I would also like to express what I feel of color of Tiranga…..
Saffron resemble Hindu, White Christian, Green Muslim, Blue Sikh, Chakra Jain and Buddha….. The Tiranga as a whole resembles unity among them. Tiranga will be incomplete without any of them.

Other Side of Religion – Fear or Faith.

To person like me there always exists qualm to know how our religion evolved, why people have such immense faith and why are there certain practices in one’s religion and they differ with others significantly. Faith and belief of people to their religion even surpass their duty and liability towards their motherland and nation. Pointing to recent tragic incidence of Kedarnath flood and Bodh Gaya blast we find that even possibility of occurrence of such incidence didn’t reduce fervor of people to visit their shrine though there may be a momentarily pause. Within limited space I am trying to touch just the silver line of answer. Hope I succeed without hurting feelings of anyone!

Indian civilization is one the oldest dating back to 4000-5000 years. It has over the time assimilated many culture, customs, religions, faith and belief. This urged our leaders to declare India a secular state. I am discussing over here keeping Hinduism in centre and very much consent the same for other religions.

Hindu religion has 2 epics, 4 vedas, 108 Upnishads, 18 puranas and many other sacred writings evolved over centuries. Trend of Struti and Smriti was equally significant. Struti refers to sacred stories which passed over generations just as story heard, perceived and revealed. While smriti refers to struti which were noted down in physical form. But much had changed, modified, excluded as well as included in sacred stories passed over as struti before they were inscribed as smriti or even in smriti when they were translated in other language.

I am not invalidating existence of any of the divine being. They existed. They may have been king or spirituals and I very much respect that. But believe that they had divine power I disagree to it.

When Struti were passed on they were deciphered and delivered according to perception of narrator. Sarcastic modification of struti can’t be denied. Even in today world when we narrate some incidence we try to modify it a bit by our perception or become judgemental of the matter. Observing Mughal era in medieval period we can well notice the paintings of Mughals in which divine aura is shown around face of mughal emperors. Artists were devoted to the wisdom of emperor and compared them with divine. If these same paintings had been deep buried and excavated after thousands of years I think everyone would had considered mughal emperors as deity. Similar thing had happened in ancient India. Stories of kings had been modified and many times sarcastically. Sometimes narrator was motivated to do so to integrate and bind the society with fear of god/goddess and define code of conduct for every person based on those tales while other times they had so much respect that they perceived them creator of nature and also deciphered the same with their peers group. Contrasting in present era we can find many spiritual leaders and their followers who are highly devoted to them and many times think of them as their god. Existence of television and race of ‘TRP’ has further added to this sham as producer had indulged in adding visual effects and technology to present to viewers bogus actions of lord in many activities. Over time this has created visual perception of god and goddess to their worshipper who then merge to belief of existence of such unnatural power.

In our Hindu mythological tales we had always discussed Raakshasa and turmoil between them and God. I would like to make you aware that there was no such person as Raakshasa, they were simple tribal or so called low caste people who were often termed as Raakshasa by the then high caste society. And whenever high caste society encroached forest they were attacked by these tribals. This social evil of caste and class can be noticed even in Ramayana and Mahabharata; Tale of Shabri and her Berry in Ramayana, Ekalavya in Mahabharat and such more. We know Hidimba in Mahabharat who is said to be Raakshasa. Indra belonged to high caste and is said to be king of god and has protected gods from devils or Rakshasa.

In simple, high caste Brahmana were the main who used to narrate tale of Deity and over the years they had sarcastically narrated high caste king as divine and low caste or tribal forest dwellers as rakhshas. Even in Manusmriti (so called legal writing of Hindu religion) we can find how it has made woman a subject of rule by man; it has restricted liberty of woman while man has all the liberty. It has endorsed patriarchal system of society. We can openly say Manusmriti were written by scholars who felt insecure of offering equal status of women in the society or they feared of takeover of the society by women; such men even exists today.

In the moving point it would be an opportunity to add that many of great person were said to be divine and few of them incarnation of Lord Vishnu. This was chiefly done by followers of Vaishnavism ideology and they all had patronage of great kings of the time. This trend can be contrasted broadly in South India even in era of Medieval India. Southern kings built monumental temple to show their greatness and acknowledged their pupils that they have been directly blessed with divinity by Lord Vishnu and sent as messenger to rule the kingdom. In this kingdom who would dare to raise voice against validity of such divine blessing. And who ever had courage to question divinity must have been termed as Raakshasa. We know such culture because by that time technology of inscription was in world and almost everything was recorded. Had this tradition been narrated over tales it had been significantly modified as per wish of scholars and we would had one more deity.

Similar is the case with other religion. In every religion there was a trio of Messenger-Emperor-Follower. Messenger was having some ideology to propagate, he was having patronage of emperor to do so and followers, with the fear of emperor and well being of himself, had to follow the messenger and his faith.

In this long history of India and its religion we forgot the belief in humanity and moral. Fear of god/goddess/divinity/deity had been created to rule over us and till now we are inundated with those fear and many times fool them with our faith and belief. We pray to deity in fear for our well being. Sometime our respect moulds our faith and belief. Once nationalism has been ideology and every emperor strived to expand it many called that ideology religion. Till now we have same trend but somewhat in different way – That was period of emperor this is era of democracy; Religion always existed – then it was as nation now they are in a nation. Long way to go before nationalism becomes one’s religion.

%d bloggers like this: