Posted by shivamkesari
Since the era of Industrial Revolution there has been a term called ‘Modernity’ which is constantly evolving in its meaning. It has always been defined according to the context in which and by which it is being used. For instance, Capitalists define it as a market condition in which consumerism is high, socialists define it as an evolution of egalitarian society with equality of opportunity to all, traditional culturalist to whom Modernity intrudes in their cultural life, Religious Orthodox for whom Modernity is subverting their age old religion, youth to whom Modernity brings new gadgets and technologies, feminists have their own conception of modernity- in -vitro fertilisation and test tube baby reproduction technologies will make females free from reproductive roles and they will have equal say in the society in every walk of life with no family burden, scholars of polity see Modernity in electoral reform and strengthening of democratic values, to people like me modernity brings a hope to ensure transparency in governance…. These were some bright side of Modernity. But Modernity also has some negative facets. It has devastating affect on environment, violation of forest rights of forest dwellers, loss of livelihood of tribals and marginalization of people engaged in cottage and household based industries, increasing gap between have and havenots, ever increasing pauperization of society. The significant point is that more than 70% of the population are facing the darker side of the modernity. While at one hand 70% of Indian population are defined as poor but on the other hand we have 70% of our representatives in parliament who have value of property in crores. Still we are in romance with modernity. Driven by the industrialization of west our Nation Builders during the struggle of Independence made a comparitive analysis of pre- industrial society of Europe with at then current situation of freshly independent India. It was inferred that as the industrialization of west industrialization in India would also address socio-economy-political problems of India. This comparison was further strengthened during economic reforms of 90s and we are still following westernization. In case of India modernity has been used in the same sense as westernization. Infact they tend to make same meaning. But this romance didn’t lasted for long. The path of modernity which we were following had led to us to a virtual modernity just giving us a sense of false utopia. Here it is worth to mention that the western practice of modernity to which we adhere to is itself something obsolete to western world. WHile developing world is euphoring Globalization and opening their market, decreasing subsidy to indigenous industry, highly developed world of west sphere are apparently making their economy close and buffered to Globalization. Sigificant examples are overprotective IPRs, subsidy to agriculture, extreme regulation in sanitary and phytosanitory measures, formation of regional blocks etc.
Instead of solving problem modernity has itself posed a question mark… What modernity should be like…. At present Modernity is being enjoyed by only upper and elite class at the expense of exploitation of other classes. We have emphasized only materialistic consumerism facets of Modernity and failed to evolve modern spiritual thinking. A strong analysis is needed to find what went wrong in Romance with Modernity else breakup of the society is not much far.
I shall be ending with a phrase ‘ The life on the Earth was made for Animals and Plants…. Unfortunately we evolved’.